Danger in Calm Seas

We don’t need more licensees. We need more active hams.

It’s tempting to say that amateur radio is about to close the book on its best year ever.

The number of licensees is up, attendance at Dayton Hamvention was up, participation in contests and other on-the-air operating events is up, the number of ARRL members is up too. The League has spent much of the year promoting the Amateur Radio Parity Act in Washington and is seeing real progress on that front.

When it comes to publicity, ham radio is HOT. Not a day goes by without a news item about our activities appearing in major publications — we’ve finally figure out how to proselytize our service!

Yes, it’s been a very good year for ham radio and it’s certainly nice to savor this moment…

There. Enough.

Now let’s look at the work that lies ahead in the New Year…

Amateur radio has weathered all kinds of storms, and there seems no immediate threat to our service. Of course, that might have been said by almost any US ham radio enthusiast on December 6, 1941 too. Still, our position seems as secure as it can as we face another year. But just like owning a home, our hobby requires constant maintenance and attention if we want it to be a secure dwelling that lasts a long time.

There’s always room for improvement, but I’ve compiled here a list of just three things that I believe to be the most vexing to the amateur radio service. These three things present a clear and present danger to our continued growth and enjoyment of the radio hobby.

Intentional Interference to DXpeditions

Whether you enjoy it or not, DXing is the crown jewel of amateur radio. There’s nothing else that we do that captures the imagination of fellow hobbyists and the unwashed masses, the way a DXpedition can. The human spirit craves adventure, like climbing into a boat to cross dangerous stretches of ocean only to arrive at some of the most remote and inhospitable places on the planet, for the sole purpose of handing out contacts to home-bound hams half a world away.

It is exhilaration squared!

But sadly, there are a few around the globe who derive pleasure from interfering with the activities from these exotic locales. And it’s enough of a problem to erode the patience of even stalwart DXers to continue the practice. After all, major DXpeditions require untold hours of planning and preparation. Large sums of money must be raised and passage on planes and boats booked. Permission must be obtained from whatever country pretends to be in charge of some rock in the ocean. And having cleared those hurtles and being completely at the mercy of HF propagation, to beat all those odds only to be foiled by some idiot intent on jamming the operation — who wouldn’t throw in the towel?

With no hope of convincing all of the mentally disturbed people around the planet who own transmitters to cut it out, the big operations are turning to technology for a solution. Maybe it will work or maybe it will become such a hassle that we all just give up in despair?

This is a big problem not only because we could lose an integral activity inside the hobby, but if a handful of radio terrorists can so easily ruin a DXpedition, then it’s fair to question the value of our service during an actual emergency.

And yes, these same mentally ill terrorists jam those communications too.

We’re Losing Ground in the Brain Game

Life on this planet is driven by technology yet shockingly few of its inhabitants have a clue about how anything works. I’m purposely trying to avoid the phrase, “the dumbing down of amateur radio”, because it might offend, but I believe it captures the essence of a festering problem. Our hobby is based on radio which in turn, is based on electronics. The days of new radio discoveries made by teenage radio hams burning the midnight oil in their basement laboratories is long past. But there needs to be at least a modicum of knowledge to keep this thing moving forward.

I don’t believe this trend was caused by changes in amateur radio licensing methodology. Eliminating the code requirement didn’t suddenly make people ignorant. Rather, it mirrors the trend of the general populace who now carry more technology in their shirt pocket than we took to the Moon in 1969 and yet have no clue how any of it works — or harbor any interest in finding out.

Fortunately, radio has advanced to the point where high-quality equipment can be purchased ready to use. We no longer have to build our stations from parts salvaged from a junked television chassis. Not all of us will have the knowledge or wizardry to design advanced electronic circuits or develop cutting edge software. But all of us have the ability to understand antennas, radio propagation, to learn how to properly check into a net, pass traffic, or prepare for emergency communications.

If the sum of your radio knowledge is how to work the push-to-talk button and chew the fat with your buddies, you might have an amateur radio license, but you’re not a radio ham.

Local clubs could take the lead here. We need a “no ham left behind” training policy. It is virtually impossible to run out of ideas for club meetings. Sessions on how to build a dipole, soldering, how and when to best use radio filters, repairing a rotor, working a satellite with a handheld, how to call CQ, how to work DX — including a lesson on split operation. The list is endless once you fully buy into the notion that every radio ham needs to know a hundred things and needs to be curious enough to learn a thousand more.

It’s no coincidence that Apple has become the most valuable corporation on the planet by selling high-tech gadgets that “just work”. That attitude may work (for a season) in the outside world, but the contagion of not knowing and not caring to learn technical things is a certain slow death for amateur radio.

Declining Activity and Interest

I’ve saved our biggest problem for last. While amateur radio licensing may be on the upswing in the United States, interest in our hobby continues to wane. We’ve gotten really good at getting “them” in the door, but we’re downright lousy when it comes to inspiring “them” to take advantage of all this hobby offers.

All of us use the excuse of not having ‘enough time’ to do all the things we would like to do. But that’s something of a cop out. The number of hours in a day, week, month or year haven’t changed from one generation to the next. What we choose to do during those hours is subject to change. It’s an attention deficit problem. During those times I’ve become very passionate about a particular activity, I’ve managed to pursue it almost without limit. Admit it, you have too.

Over 700,000 licensees in the FCC database yet only about one-third of those are actually “active”.

350,000 Technician licensees are floating out there yet one of the biggest complaints in all of hamdom is that thousands of repeaters sit silent and unused. When the random stranger does break squelch, no one answers his call.

Full participation isn’t realistic. There are doubtless thousands who continue to hold a license yet now reside in a nursing home or senior living facility without access to radio. Some are young and busy with career or starting a family. Others have taken time off to pursue a degree or specialized training. Since licenses are issued for ten years with a grace period before cancellation, it wouldn’t be surprising to discover that thousands of licensees are dead — their call signs not yet purged from the database.

Approach the data any way you like, it’s a major problem.

We’re going to have to discover new methods for getting hams motivated and activated. Sorry, the old ways are no longer valid. Just coming up with a new contest, for instance, won’t cut it because our lifestyle arrangements are considerably different in this new century. We’re more mobile, constantly on the move. Few of us under 60 years of age want to be quarantined in a radio “shack” for an entire weekend.

(I predict two-hour sprints will completely replace contest weekends in the coming decade).

The ARRL may have a hit on its hands with the upcoming National Parks on the Air event where they’ve combined the opportunity to operate from the trail with online ‘leaderboards’ to encourage further participation. I don’t know if this was intentional or merely leftover serendipity from their hugely successful Centennial QSO Party but it’s brilliant and we need more like it.

The decline in solar activity certainly won’t help motivate HF operators so we’re going to have to think outside the box. More VHF/UHF activities, six meters, and I’m hopefully optimistic that we will soon see a lot more ham radio activity in space — given the many new planned transponders and even a geo-synchronous payload.

Rekindling the flame for many who have lost interest and become radio inactive won’t be easy but it should become our top priority. In fact, I would suggest that clubs who are too busy cranking out new licensees to focus on this problem — are actually hurting the amateur radio service.

We don’t need more licensees. We need more active hams. Chew on that and see what you can come up with because, we need a solution and we need it fairly soon.

Author: Jeff Davis

 

6 thoughts on “Danger in Calm Seas”

  1. Good article Jeff! Even as a newbie myself, I think I can see where you are coming from. I suppose one of the other discouraging issues is that, when newly licensed hams are trying to figure out what antennas, radios, power supplies, etc that they want/need to get on the air. When they do make a modest investment in equipment, they seemed to get discouraged because of the “big power amp” operators. Don’t get me wrong, I am not downing the guys that have amps and choose to use them, but I think you can understand what I am saying. I have personally tried to get onto certain nets across the country and have been totally shut out for hours while trying to make a contact. Granted, currently I am only running 100 watts and a G5RV that I built myself, but needless to say, that’s very discouraging. I am wondering if at some point, that there should be an allocated band of freqs for operators running 100watts or less. This may sound like heresy to the more seasoned hams that have earned their wings in this great hobby, but I am just wondering if this wouldn’t be another avenue, in addition to those you mentioned, that would help encourage and facilitate more activity with the new hams. What are your thoughts?
    Keep up the great work Jeff!
    73 de KA0RSN

    1. I’ve always had to manage expectations about HF operation. I don’t have an amp and use 100 watts with (usually) wire antennas. It’s a real challenge to compete with the “big guns” but you’re right, it can be especially rough when checking into a net. Normally the higher HF frequencies (17,15,12,10 meters) tend to negate much of the impact of power. A great 10 meter opening makes QRP signals indistinguishable from legal limit. It’s tougher at the other end (80, 40 meters) and unfortunately we’re descending into the lows of this current solar cycle which means everyone is migrating lower in the bands.

      Might be time to look for new ways to enjoy HF (like digital modes) while we wait this one out?

      I doubt we will ever see portions of the most popular bands set aside exclusively for lower power operation, but 30 and 60 meters are two bands with imposed power limits — and 60 meters got a BIG boost at WRC-15 with a global 60 meter allocation so we will likely see considerably more activity there — at lower power which should help level the playing field.

      73, GL es HNY!
      Jeff, KE9V

  2. For several years I have been trying to find a reason to get a license. I used to have one but it expired in the ’80s without having been used much. But this means the actual process of getting one is not a problem. I need a reason why I should do it and spend time using it. I have a transmitter and receiver and am lacking only an antenna.

    Every now and then I pull out my AR3 and listen around; it’s amusing but not compelling. When I am at a hamfest (I go to many since I am an active hobbyist and a retired electronic engineer) and someone is giving away recent issues of QST or CQ I always take some and read them cover to cover without finding anything to inspire me. Somewhere I picked up some old QSTs and I am currently reading through 1959. Guess what? There isn’t much interesting there either! Back then it was interesting because it was the only game in town. But now I can and do talk about electronics to people all over the world using the Internet. About the only thing that ham radio can do better is emergency communications.

    What am I missing?

    1. Jim — I don’t think you’re missing anything. You’ve been in, sampled the waters, and ham radio is obviously just not a hobby for you. I think it’s good to arrive at that conclusion before investing heavily in something that you won’t ultimately enjoy. In case you hadn’t noticed, people around the planet avoid amateur radio — by the billions!🙂

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